Toothaches are never fun and can have a range of causes. We outline some of the most common causes of a toothache below:
Sensitive Teeth| Tooth sensitivity is often caused when the outermost layer of your tooth (the enamel layer) has been worn down, exposing the inner layer (the dentin layer). Unlike the enamel layer, the dentin layer contains nerves, and as a result, pressure or hot or cold temperatures can cause pain when in direct contact with the tooth. Sensitivity toothpaste is one way to reduce sensitive teeth.
Gum Disease Gingivitis and periodontitis are both forms of gum and bone disease that can result in tooth pain. They are characterized by swelling of the gums, redness, and increased bleeding and pain. Gum disease should be addressed immediately to prevent loss of gum and bone tissue.
Impacted Wisdom Teeth Sometimes, wisdom teeth don’t erupt the right way. They may erupt at an odd angle or even lie completely horizontal. If it ends up pushing against existing teeth, it can result in pain in the region and can even damage the adjacent tooth. It is recommended to remove impacted wisdom teeth before they pose a problem, and the process to remove them is often simpler at a younger age.
Grinding Your Teeth Many people unconsciously grind their teeth while sleeping. People that do this may experience a dull ache within their mouth and soreness in the muscles of their jaw. Grinding your teeth presents many complications, such as increased tooth fractures, worn down teeth, and increased sensitivity. The best treatment for grinding is a nightguard, which is an appliance worn while you sleep to help reduce the grinding forces on your teeth.
Tooth Decay (Cavities) Tooth decay is the most common cause for tooth pain and is the result of an infection within the tooth. Bacteria reside on the surface of our teeth and feed on plaque, but if plaque is not